Working on a book introduction about
Japanese onomatopoeia and mimesis, I did a Google search for adverbs
used with the verb 笑う. Below is a list, taken from the first several
hundred Google hits, of adverbs that preceded the string と笑った and their
Most of these adverbs appear on the Web in both hiragana and katakana; these hit counts are for only the hiragana versions. (The count for ニッコリと笑った, for example, was 3,330.)
にっこりと笑った 16,700At least one of the fairly frequently used adverbs--にかっと--doesn't seem to be in any dictionaries that I checked, including several 擬音語・擬態語 references.
(February 24, 2003)