This part of Queens, Elmhurst-Corona, back in 1940 was Italian, Irish, Jewish, German—almost entirely white. That's true of 1950 and 1960. Then a new immigration wave started from Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic. In the late '60s, the Medicare and Medicaid programs created a boom in hospital employment at every level. Doctors, psychiatrists, dental technicians—all could make more money here than back home.These "A, B, C" series mean "A, B, C, and others"—they're explicitly nonexclusive. "A and B and C" has similar meaning. From the same report:
They take it for granted that there are kids in their schools who are Haitians and Colombians and Mexicans and Chinese and Koreans.No English dictionaries I checked noted the nonexclusive meaning of "and" in "A and B and C," and it's difficult to imagine how they might note the meaning of the absence of "and" in "A, B, C."
年末年始の観光シーズン。温泉に、ハワイにと出かける人も多いのではないでしょうか。しかし、いい加減、温泉だハワイだって、代わり映えのしない旅でいいんですかっ！The repetition of particles—here, に and だ—is something that one wishes could be looked up, but it can't. And neither can that final っ of いいんですかっ. Dictionaries would serve their users better if they included lists of such unlookupables.
(December 28, 2002)